TITLE: Azteca Mask
GENERAL REGION: Latin America
CEREMONY: Danza de la Conquista; Carnival
AGE: ca. 1960s
MAIN MATERIAL: wood
OTHER MATERIALS: paint; plant fiber
The Danza de la Conquista, or Dance of the Conquest, is a traditional celebration in many parts of Mexico. The dance takes two forms. One retells the conquest of Spain by the Spanish monarchy from the Moors, finally achieved in 1492 and properly called the Reconquista. The other retells the conquest of Mexico by the Spaniards. This mask belongs to the second story. It represents a Spaniard coming into contact with his Aztec enemy. The Azteca mask is also worn during Carnival.