TITLE: Saqra Mask
TYPE: face mask
GENERAL REGION: Latin America
ETHNICITY: Quechua; Aymara
DESCRIPTION: Saqra (Devil) Mask
MAKER: Mario Palomino Coll Cárdenas (Cusco, 1949- )
CEREMONY: Danza Saqra (Kuwallada)
MAIN MATERIAL: paper maché
OTHER MATERIALS: plaster; paint; metal wire
The city of Paucartambo, Peru, celebrates the Festival of the Virgin of Carmen (Mamacha Carmen) annually on July 16th. The Festival begins by the carrying of an image of the Virgin Mary through the streets to the church. Among the festivities that follow is the Kuwallada, a festival involving numerous masked characters in elaborate costumes. One component of Kuwallada is the Danza Saqra. The term saqra is Quechua for “wicked” or “devil” and represents tricksters dressed as animals or devils. They are not really “evil,” but merely mischievous.
The saqra troupe has a fairly complex organization, with a leader (caporal), two captains (capitánes), a female saqra (china saqra), soldiers, “pets” (mascotas), clowns known as maitas or qhapac qollas, who wear the waq’ollo mask, and the carguyoc, who is an organizer who accompanies (and provides beer for) the musicians.
Click above to watch a short documentary on Corpus Christi in Cusco, Peru.