TITLE: Chivo
TYPE: face mask
GENERAL REGION: Latin America
COUNTRY: Mexico
SUBREGION: Hidalgo
ETHNICITY: Otomí
DESCRIPTION: Chivo Mask
MAKER: Unknown maker from San Bartolo Tutotepec
CEREMONY: Carnaval de Chivos
AGE: 1950s or 1960s
MAIN MATERIAL: hardwood
OTHER MATERIALS: goat horns; goat leather & hair; paint; glitter; glue; iron nails

The chivo, or goat, is a popular Carnival character in the villages of El Nante and San Bartolo Tutotepec, Hidalgo. Nearly all chivo masks have the same comical and half-sinister expression, twisted nose, lined face, and goat horns pointed upward. The horns are normally decorated with wires holding ribbons, bells, and tassels (in this case, missing). Older masks like this one are painted with subdued colors, while newer masks tend to be brighter.