TITLE: Yangju Byeolsandae Nojang Mask
TYPE: face mask
GENERAL REGION: Asia
SUBREGION: Yangju, Gyeonggi Province
DESCRIPTION: Nojang (Buddhist Monk) Mask
CEREMONY: Byeolsandae Drama
FUNCTION: celebration; entertainment
MAIN MATERIAL: wood
OTHER MATERIALS: cotton hood; paper; paint
Sandae noli is the type of masked drama in Gyeonggi Province and the Seoul region. The drama is accompanied by music played on a small samhyeon yukgak ensemble, consisting of three aerophones, one chordophone, and two membranophones. The full performance involves dozens of characters in different masks.
This mask represents an old, corrupt Buddhist monk, or nojang, who has a fondness for liquor and women. The black color of the mask is meant to convey the monk’s advanced age.
For more on Korean masquerade, see Jeon Kyung-wook, Korean Mask Dance Dramas: Their History and Structural Principles (Gyeonggi-do, Rep. of Korea: Youlhwadang Pub. 2005).