TYPE: helmet mask
GENERAL REGION: Latin America
SUBREGION: Jauja or Huaripampa
DESCRIPTION: Hautrila Mask
CEREMONY: Tunantada; Chonginada
MAIN MATERIAL: leather
OTHER MATERIALS: wool; glass eyes; pigment
The Tunantada is a dance performed in the Jauja region of Peru during the January Festival of San Sebatián and San Fabián, patron saints of the town. Dancers in wire mesh masks represent the Spaniards, who oppress the chutos, or Amerindians. The huatrila is a kind of clown chuto who personifies the first Jaujan (Hatun Runa). The dance-drama satirizes all the groups of the colonial period. It is a group dance, in which each character of the set performs different steps to the rhythm of a single melody.