TITLE: Ondeko Mask
TYPE: face mask
GENERAL REGION: Asia
COUNTRY: Japan
SUBREGION: Sado Island
ETHNICITY: Japanese
DESCRIPTION: Oni-daiko
MAKER: Ohoshima Jyunji (Fukuchiyama City, Kyoto, Japan, 1930- )
CEREMONY: Ondeko Dance
AGE: 2013
MAIN MATERIAL: wood
OTHER MATERIALS: paint; cashew tree lacquer; brass; gold dust; cloth; Velcro straps; horse hair

Ondeko, also known as Oni-daiko, is a demon character that performs solely on Japan’s Sado Island. The masquerader dances vigorously to the music of flutes drums in order to drive away evil spirits and to ensure a good harvest. It probably originates in Buddhist dances from the eight or ninth century C.E., although its precise origin is contested. The configuration of the performance varies across Sado Island.  In the central part of the island, the demons are either black or white and dance with two lions, suggesting a tie to China’s Tang Lion Dance.  In the southern part of the island, two demons always dance together. In the north, the dancers include an old man (Mamemaki) who scatters beans from a wooden box for good luck.

This specimen was acquired from Inoue Corporation of Kyoto.