TITLE: Diablo Cojuelo Mask
TYPE: face mask
COUNTRY: Dominican Republic
ETHNICITY: Afro-Latino
DESCRIPTION: Diablo Cojuelo Carnival Mask
MAKER: Ramón “Chanina” Stalin Salcero (La Vega, 1975- ); Edward Martes (La Vega, 1975- )
CEREMONY: Carnival; Dominican Independence Day
AGE: 2023
MAIN MATERIAL: paper maché
OTHER MATERIALS: yucca sap; paint; metal wire

During the carnival of the Dominican Republic, which actually falls on the Dominican Independence Day rather than the Catholic Mardi Gras, paraders don elaborate masks and costumes to represent devils, monsters, clowns, and other characters.  Different towns have different traditional masks.  In La Vega, a very large parade involving hundreds of masked marchers takes place every year, prominently featuring characters known as the diablo cojuelo, or “tormenting devil.”  These devils carry inflated bladders on a rope (formerly goat bladders, but today mostly rubber) that they use to strike audience members, preferably young women, on the buttocks.  The ritual thereby serves the dual function of providing a release for young male testosterone and reminding the audience of the torments awaiting in Hell.

Masks like this are made of paper maché on a mold, hardened with yucca sap, and allowed to dry before painting. The mold allows crews of paraders to wear similar masks as a group without the need sculpt each mask individually.  Even so, tremendous work goes into the molding, preparation, painting, and adornment of each mask. Frequently the costumes require months of hand-stitching as well.